In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|01911473 ||INHIBACE 2.5MG TABLET|
|01911481 ||INHIBACE 5MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Cilazapril belongs to the family of medications known as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It is used to treat mild-to-moderate high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Cilazapril controls blood pressure and reduces symptoms of congestive heart failure by relaxing blood vessels and making the heart pump more efficiently.
To treat high blood pressure, cilazapril may be used alone or in combination with diuretics (water pills) known as thiazide diuretics (e.g., hydrochlorothiazide) when one medication has not been found to sufficiently control blood pressure.
Cilazapril is used in addition to digoxin, thiazide diuretics, or both for the treatment of CHF when these medications have not produced enough of a response.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
The usual recommended dose depends on the condition being treated as well as your kidney and liver function.
The dose range for treatment of high blood pressure is 1 mg to 5 mg once daily.
The dose range for congestive heart failure is 0.5 mg to 2.5 mg once daily.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
For the greatest benefit of this medication, cilazapril should be taken at the same time each day, and may be taken with or without food.
It is important that this medication be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each pinkish-brown, oval-shaped, single-scored, biconvex, film-coated tablet, imprinted "CIL 2.5", contains cilazapril 2.5 mg as cilazapril monohydrate. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, iron oxide, lactose monohydrate, sodium stearyl fumarate, talc, and titanium dioxide.
Each reddish-brown, oval-shaped, single-scored, biconvex tablet, imprinted "CIL 5", contains cilazapril 5 mg as cilazapril monohydrate. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, iron oxide, lactose monohydrate, sodium stearyl fumarate, talc, and titanium dioxide.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take cilazapril if you:
- are allergic to cilazapril or any ingredients of this medication
- are allergic to any other angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (e.g., captopril, lisinopril, ramipril)
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
- are breast-feeding
- have a history of angioedema (a serious allergic reaction which causes the area around the throat and tongue to swell) after taking any ACE inhibitors
- have ascites (swollen abdomen due to liver problems)
- are taking aliskiren and
- have diabetes
- have kidney disease
- are taking a medication in the class of angiotensin receptor blockers (e.g., irbesartan, losartan, valsartan)
- are taking another angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (e.g., captopril, lisinopril, ramipril)
- have galactose intolerance (a rare hereditary condition)