In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|02223716 ||ZITHROMAX - PWS ORL 100MG/5ML|
|02223724 ||ZITHROMAX - PWS ORL 200MG/5ML|
|02212021 ||ZITHROMAX - TAB 250MG|
|02239952 ||ZITHROMAX 500MG INJECTION|
|02231143 ||ZITHROMAX 600MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Azithromycin belongs to the family of medications known as macrolide antibiotics. It is used to treat certain types of infections that are caused by bacteria. It is most commonly used to treat ear infections (e.g., otitis media), throat infections, lung infections (e.g., pneumonia), and skin infections. It can also be used to prevent mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections in people with HIV infection.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than the ones listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
The recommended adult dose of azithromycin for treatment of lung and skin infections is two 250 mg tablets taken on the first day, followed by one 250 mg tablet taken at the same time each day for 4 more days. The usual dose for prevention of mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections in people with HIV infection is 1,200 mg taken once weekly.
The children's dose of azithromycin (liquid suspension) is based on body weight. When used to treat otitis media (middle ear infection) in children, a course of treatment or either 1 day, 3 days or 5 days may be used. The daily dose will vary depending on the number of treatment days. Use an oral syringe to measure each dose of the liquid, as it gives a more accurate measurement than household teaspoons.
Doses of azithromycin for treatment of other conditions vary according to the condition being treated.
Azithromycin may also be given by injection to treat severe pneumonia or pelvic inflammatory disease. It is usually given in a hospital setting by a health professional. Your doctor will determine the appropriate dose of this medication.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones given here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
Azithromycin must be taken for the recommended duration of treatment, even if you are feeling better. This will reduce the chances of having remaining bacteria grow back.
The medication may be taken with or without food. Taking the medication with food may help to avoid stomach upset.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Finish all of this medication, even if you start to feel better. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue on with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store all forms of this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children. Discard any unused suspension (liquid) after 10 days.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each single dose vial contains azithromycin dihydrate in a lyophilized form equivalent to azithromycin 500 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: anhydrous citric acid and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment. After reconstitution, each mL contains azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 100 mg azithromycin.
Each pink, film-coated, modified capsular-shaped ZITHROMAX tablet, engraved "Pfizer" on the upper face, "306" or scored on the lower face, contains azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 250 mg of azithromycin. Nonmedicinal ingredients: anhydrous calcium phosphate dibasic, D&C Red No. 30 Aluminum Lake, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, pregelatinized starch, sodium croscarmellose, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide, and triacetin.
Each white, film-coated, modified capsular-shaped tablet, engraved on front with "Pfizer", "308" or scored on the lower face, contains azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 600 mg azithromycin. Nonmedicinal ingredients: anhydrous calcium phosphate dibasic, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, pregelatinized starch, sodium croscarmellose, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide, and triacetin.
Powder for Oral Suspension
After reconstitution, each bottle of cherry-flavoured suspension contains azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 300 mg/15 mL (100 mg/5 mL), or 600 mg/15 mL (200 mg/5 mL), or 900 mg/22.5 mL (200 mg/5 mL). Nonmedicinal ingredients: artificial flavors, FD&C Red No. 40, sodium phosphate, sucrose, tribasic hydroxypropyl cellulose, and xanthan gum.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take azithromycin if you:
- are allergic to azithromycin or any ingredients of the medication
- are allergic to erythromycin or other macrolide antibiotics (e.g., clarithromycin)
- have had liver problems caused by taking azithromycin in the past