In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|02247373 ||TEVA-ALENDRONATE 10MG TABLET|
|02248251 ||TEVA-ALENDRONATE 5MG TABLET|
|02261715 ||TEVA-ALENDRONATE 70MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Alendronate belongs to a family of medications known as bisphosphonates. It is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis for postmenopausal women. It is also used to treat osteoporosis for men.
Alendronate may also be used to treat and prevent steroid-induced osteoporosis for men and women (osteoporosis caused by taking corticosteroids such as prednisone for long periods of time). It may also be used to treat Paget's disease of the bone for both men and women. It works by increasing the density of bones, making them less likely to break.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
When used for postmenopausal women, the recommended dose of alendronate to treat osteoporosis is one 10 mg tablet daily or 70 mg once weekly. To prevent osteoporosis, the recommended dose is 5 mg once a day.
To treat osteoporosis for men, the recommended dose of alendronate is one 10 mg tablet daily or 70 mg once weekly.
To treat and prevent steroid-induced osteoporosis for men and women, the recommended dose is 5 mg daily, except for postmenopausal women not taking estrogen. For those women, the recommended dose is 10 mg once a day.
When used to treat Paget's disease of the bone for men and women, the recommended dose is 40 mg once a day for 6 months.
The tablet should be taken upon rising for the day, at least ½ hour before the first food, beverage, or medication of the day. To reduce the risk of irritating the throat or esophagus, take the tablet with a full glass (250 mL) of plain water only.
After swallowing, do not lie down for at least 30 minutes and until you have eaten your first food of the day. Swallow the tablets whole. Do not chew or suck on the tablets.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is very important to take this medication on a regular schedule as prescribed by the doctor. If you miss a dose when taking this medication once a day, do not take an extra dose. Just carry on with your regular schedule. If you miss a dose when taking this medication once weekly, take the missed dose the morning after you remember. Then return to your weekly dose on the original day of the week. Do not take 2 doses on the same day.
Store this medication at room temperature and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each white to off-white, round, flat, bevelled tablet, engraved with "N" on one side and "5" on the other side, contains alendronic acid 5 mg as alendronate sodium monohydrate. Nonmedicinal ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, hydroxypropylcellulose, low-substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, and sodium stearyl fumarate.
Each white to off-white, oval tablet, engraved with "N" on one side and "10" on the other side, contains alendronic acid 10 mg as alendronate sodium monohydrate. Nonmedicinal ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, hydroxypropylcellulose, low-substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, and sodium stearyl fumarate.
Each white to off-white, convex oval tablet, debossed with "N" on one side and "70" on the other side, contains alendronic acid 70 mg as alendronate sodium monohydrate. Nonmedicinal ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Alendronate should not be taken by anyone who:
- is allergic to alendronate or to any of the ingredients of the medication
- is at increased risk of aspiration (accidently breathing liquid into the airways instead of swallowing it into the stomach) - this applies to taking the oral solution only
- cannot stand or sit upright for at least 30 minutes
- has an abnormality of the esophagus (passage leading from throat to stomach) that delays the emptying of the esophagus into the stomach
- has low blood calcium
- has reduced kidney function (creatinine clearance less than 35 mL/minute)