In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00755850 ||APO-TIMOL 10MG TABLET|
|00755869 ||APO-TIMOL 20MG TABLET|
|00755842 ||APO-TIMOL 5MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Timolol belongs to the class of medications called beta-blockers. It is used for the treatment of high blood pressure. It is also used to prevent angina (chest pain), and to reduce the risk of having another heart attack after a heart attack has happened. Timolol is also used for the prevention of migraine headaches but is not useful for treatment of a headache once it has started.
Timolol blocks the action of chemicals that increase the heart's workload. Beta-blockers such as timolol lower the heart rate, blood pressure, and force of heart contraction. It is not known how beta-blockers work to prevent migraine headaches.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than the ones listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
The recommended adult dose of timolol ranges from 5 mg twice a day to 30 mg twice a day depending on circumstances and the condition being treated. The starting dose for treatment of high blood pressure is usually 5 mg to 10 mg twice a day. Timolol is often used along with other medications for the treatment of high blood pressure. The dose of medication is gradually increased by your doctor until the best dose is found. Timolol may be taken with or without food. Do not stop taking this medication suddenly without speaking with your doctor first.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones given here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each white, round, flat-faced with bevelled-edge tablet, scored and identified "APO" over "T5", contains timolol maleate 5 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.
Each light-blue, round, flat-faced with bevelled-edge tablet, scored and identified "APO" over "T10", contains timolol maleate 10 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.
Each light-blue, capsule-shaped tablet, scored and identified "APO T20", contains timolol maleate 20 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take timolol if you:
- are allergic to timolol or any ingredients of the medication
- have congestive heart failure
- have a severely enlarged heart
- have a severely slow heart rate
- have serious heart block (second- and third-degree AV block)
- have cardiogenic shock
- have allergic rhinitis, asthma or severe chronic obstructive respiratory diseases (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis)
- will soon be receiving anesthesia with medications such as ether