In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00611190 ||MARINOL 2.5MG CAPSULE|
|00611204 ||MARINOL 5MG CAPSULE|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Dronabinol is a member of the family of medications known as cannabinoids. Dronabinol is also known as THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) which is a synthetic form of the naturally occurring THC found in Cannabis sativa (marijuana). This medication is used in the treatment of AIDS-related loss of appetite and weight loss, and severe nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy.
This medication is used only after it is found that other medications used for preventing nausea and vomiting of chemotherapy have been tried and found ineffective.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
The recommended adult dose of dronabinol for AIDS-related loss of appetite and weight loss varies from 2.5 mg to 20 mg per day.
For the treatment and prevention of nausea, the usual dose of 5 mg 3 or 4 times daily is usually adequate, although it can be increased as tolerated and/or required. Capsules should be swallowed whole, not crushed or chewed. This medication should be taken before meals.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication in the refrigerator (2 to 8 °C), in a well-sealed amber-coloured container (to protect against light), and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Marinol is no longer being manufactured for sale in Canada and is no longer available under any brand names. This article is being kept available for reference purposes only. If you are using this medication, speak with your doctor or pharmacist for information about your treatment options.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take this medication if you:
- are allergic to dronabinol or any ingredients of the medication, notably sesame oil
- are allergic to marijuana
- are a pregnant or breast-feeding woman
- are a woman who is capable of having children but not using adequate birth control
- are planning a pregnancy (women planning to become pregnant or men planning to father a child)
- are under 18 years of age
- have a history of schizophrenia or other mental health condition causing psychosis
- have poor kidney or liver function
- have serious heart problems, e.g.:
- abnormal heart rhythms
- heart failure
- poorly-controlled high blood pressure