How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Cefprozil is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of medications known as cephalosporins. It is used to treat certain types of infections caused by bacteria. It is most commonly used to treat infections of the throat, ear, sinus, skin, and bladder. It works by weakening the cell walls of the bacteria causing the infection, thereby killing the bacteria.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
125 mg/5 mL
Each 5 mL of reconstituted orange-flavoured suspension contains cefprozil 125 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: aspartame, citric acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Yellow No. 6, flavours (natural and artificial), glycine, microcrystalline cellulose, polysorbate 80, sodium benzoate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium chloride, simethicone, and sucrose.
250 mg/5 mL
Each 5 mL of reconstituted orange-flavoured suspension contains cefprozil 250 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: aspartame, citric acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Yellow No. 6, flavours (natural and artificial), glycine, microcrystalline cellulose, polysorbate 80, sodium benzoate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium chloride, simethicone, and sucrose.
Each white to cream tinged, oval, unscored tablet, embossed "347" on one side and "250" on the other side, contains cefprozil 250 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: hypromellose, magnesium stearate, methylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, sodium starch glycolate, and titanium dioxide.
Each beige, oval, unscored tablet, embossed "348" on one side and "500" on the other side, contains cefprozil 500 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: ferric oxide yellow, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, methylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, sodium starch glycolate, and titanium dioxide.
How should I use this medication?
Adults: The recommended dose for adults and adolescents 13 years and older is 250 mg to 500 mg every 12 to 24 hours. The exact dose depends on the condition being treated.
Children: The recommended children's dose is 7.5 mg to 15 mg per kilogram of body weight every 12 hours, or up to 20 mg per kilogram every 24 hours. The exact dose depends on the condition being treated.
Cefprozil can be taken with or without food.
Finish all of this medication, even you start to feel better. This will reduce the chance of the infection returning.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Cefprozil should not be taken by anyone who:
- is allergic to cefprozil or to any of the ingredients of the medication
- is allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics
What side effects are possible with this medication?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
- mild diarrhea
- sore mouth or tongue
- stomach cramps (mild)
- vaginal itching or discharge
Although most of these side effects listed below don't happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not check with your doctor or seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
- abdominal tenderness
- decrease in amount of urine
- hearing loss
- joint pain
- severe abdominal or stomach cramps and pain
- signs of liver problems (e.g., nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, weight loss, yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, dark urine, pale stools)
- skin rash, itching, redness, or swelling
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
- diarrhea (watery and severe, which may also be bloody)
- signs of a serious allergic reaction (i.e., abdominal cramps, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, or swelling of the face and throat)
- symptoms of a severe skin rash (such as blistering, peeling, a rash covering a large area of the body, a rash that spreads quickly, or a rash combined with fever or discomfort)
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?
Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.
Allergy: Before starting treatment with cefprozil, inform your doctor about any adverse reactions you have had to medications, especially cefprozil, cephalosporins, and penicillins. Some people allergic to penicillin may also be allergic to cephalosporins such as cefprozil. If you have an allergic reaction, contact a doctor.
Antibiotic-associated colitis: Like other antibiotics, this medication may cause a potentially dangerous condition called antibiotic-associated colitis (or pseudomembranous colitis). Symptoms include severe, watery diarrhea that may be bloody. If you notice these symptoms, stop taking cefprozil and contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Colitis: People with a history of colitis or other diseases of the digestive tract should discuss with their doctor how this medication may affect their medical condition, how their medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Kidney function: People with kidney disease or reduced kidney function should discuss with their doctor how this medication may affect their medical condition, how their medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Overgrowth of organisms: Prolonged or repeated use of cefprozil may result in an overgrowth of bacteria or fungi and organisms that are not killed by the medication. This can cause problems such as yeast infections.
Pregnancy: It is not known if cefprozil is safe for use by pregnant women. This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: This medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking cefprozil, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: It is not known if cefprozil is safe for children under 6 months of age.
What other drugs could interact with this medication?
There may be an interaction between cefprozil and any of the following:
- aminoglycoside antibiotics (e.g., gentamicin, tobramycin)
- typhoid vaccine
If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
- stop taking one of the medications,
- change one of the medications to another,
- change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
- leave everything as is.
An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.