What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is a newly identified infectious disease that is part of the larger family of viruses called Coronavirus. These diseases range from mild illnesses such as the common cold to severe illness such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). While coronaviruses can affect both animals and humans, human coronaviruses specifically are known to cause respiratory infections.

All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/COVID-19-Overview-Symptoms-Diagnosis-and-Treatment

Symptoms of COVID-19

Reported cases of COVID-19 show that symptoms may range from little-to-no symptoms to severe illness and death. Most symptoms are usually mild and may begin up to 14 days after exposure.

The most common symptoms include:

  • Dry cough
  • Fever
  • Tiredness

Other symptoms include:

  • Aches and pains
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Red eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Loss of smell or taste

Urgent symptoms requiring immediate medical attention include:

  • Blue-tinted lips or face
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest

This list is not all inclusive. Please consult with your health care provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.

All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/COVID-19-Overview-Symptoms-Diagnosis-and-Treatment

Diagnosis of COVID-19

Coronavirus infections are diagnosed by a health care provider based on symptoms and are confirmed through a laboratory or point-of-care test. The test is usually done by taking a nasal swab, a throat swab or a saliva sample.

All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/COVID-19-Overview-Symptoms-Diagnosis-and-Treatment

Treatment of COVID-19

Most people with mild illness will recover without treatment.2 However, some over-the-counter medications may be used to help provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of COVID-19.1,2 Consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using any new over-the-counter products, especially if you have underlying health conditions.

Drug treatments for COVID-19 are currently being developed and tested. In July 2020, Health Canada approved remdesivir (Veklury®) to treat severe COVID-19 symptoms in adults and adolescents 12 years of age and older, who weigh at least 40 kg.5

In November 2020, Health Canada approved another medication called bamlanivimab to treat mild-to-moderate COVID-19 symptoms. This medication can be used for adults and youth 12 years of age or older, who weigh at least 40 kg and are at high risk of progressing to severe COVID-19 symptoms or hospitalization.

In June 2021, Health Canada approved 2 medications used together called casirivimab and imdevimab to treat mild to moderate COVID-19 symptoms. It can be used for individuals who are 12 years of age or older, who weigh at least 40 kg and who are not hospitalized due to COVID-19.

Currently, Health Canada has  approved 2 COVID-19 messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines: the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine and the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Both of these vaccines use mRNA technology to stimulate an immune response by producing antibodies.

Health Canada has also approved the use of 2 viral vector COVID-19 vaccines: the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine and the Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) COVID-19 vaccine. Unlike the mRNA vaccines, they are adenovirus-vectored vaccines, which use a modified version of a common cold virus to produce antibodies. The AstraZeneca vaccine, like the mRNA vaccines, requires 2 doses for maximum protection, but the Janssen COVID-19 vaccine requires only 1 dose.

There are other vaccines currently under review by Health Canada. If you're interested in getting the vaccine, contact your health care provider or local public health unit for more information.

All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/COVID-19-Overview-Symptoms-Diagnosis-and-Treatment