How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Prednisolone acetate belongs to the family of medications called corticosteroids and is used for its ability to reduce inflammation in many parts of the body.
When used in an eye drop, this medication is used to treat swelling and itching of the eye.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Ratio-Prednisolone is no longer being manufactured for sale in Canada.For brands that may still be available, search under prednisolone acetate. This article is being kept available for reference purposes only. If you are using this medication,speak with your doctor or pharmacist for information about your treatment options.
How should I use this medication?
The recommended dose of prednisolone acetate eye drops varies depending on the condition being treated. You can use them as often as every hour until your condition improves. Your doctor will be able to provide you with more specific instructions on how often to instill the drops.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
To use eye drops properly:
- Wash your hands before using the eye drops.
- Shake the container well before use to ensure the medication is evenly mixed throughout the bottle.
- Remove the cap and place it in a clean location. To avoid possible contamination, keep the tip of the container away from contact with any surface.
- Tilt your head back and look towards the ceiling.
- With your index finger, gently pull your lower eyelid down and away from your eye to form a pouch.
- Apply one drop into the pouch but do not allow the tip of the container to touch your eye or areas around your eye.
- Gently apply pressure to the inner corner of your eye (at the bridge of the nose) for about 30 seconds. (This is called nasolacrimal occlusion.) This prevents the medication from dripping down through the tear duct and entering the bloodstream, which could cause you to experience some side effects.
- Repeat with your other eye, if prescribed by your physician.
- Wash your hands again to remove any medication.
If you are using more than one topical eye medication (eye drops or ointment), wait at least 5 minutes before putting another medication in your eye.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to show you the correct method of applying eye drops. It is very important to avoid touching the dropper tip to any surface, skin, or your eye. This contamination can result in a bacterial infection. Report any signs of an eye infection (e.g., redness, irritation, pain) to your doctor immediately.
It is important to use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, instill it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not instil a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture and keep it out of the reach of children.
Safely discard any medication remaining in the dropper bottle after you have used the medication for the full length of time recommended by your doctor. Discard any remaining medication 28 days after opening the bottle.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not use prednisolone acetate eye drops if you:
- are allergic to prednisolone or any ingredients of the medication
- have had an allergic or sensitivity reaction to other corticosteroids
- have acute herpes simplex, tuberculosis of the eye, vaccinia, chickenpox, or other viral or fungal diseases of the eye
- have any eye infection associated with discharge
- have conjunctivitis or blepharitis associated with discharge
- have recently had a foreign body removed from the eye
What side effects are possible with this medication?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.
The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
- blurred vision
- changed sense of taste
- dilated (enlarged) pupils
- eye irritation
- sensation that there is something in the eye
- sensitivity to light
- slowed wound healing
- watery eyes
Although most of the side effects listed below don't happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
- difficulty focusing
- eye pain
- skin rash, itching, redness, or swelling in or around the eyes
- symptoms of cataracts (e.g., clouding of the lens of the eye, blurred vision, dim vision, eye pain)
- symptoms of an eye infection (e.g., pain, itching, sensitivity to bright light, redness, swelling, yellow discharge or crusting around the eye)
- symptoms of glaucoma (e.g., blurred vision, seeing halos of bright colours around lights, red eyes, increased pressure in your eyes, eye pain or discomfort)
- vision changes
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
- signs of a serious allergic reaction (e.g., abdominal cramps, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, or swelling of the face and throat)
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?
Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.
Blurred Vision: Prednisolone eye drops can cause temporarily blurred vision after putting them in your eyes. Avoid driving or performing any activities that require clear vision until you know how this medication affects your vision.
Contact lenses: Using contact lenses with corticosteroid eye drops increases the risk of infection. This medication also contains a preservative which may discolour soft contact lenses. Do not use the eye drops while wearing soft contact lenses. Wait 15 minutes after using the drops before inserting soft contact lenses.
If you are using this eye drop for 10 days or more, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your vision, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Infection: Corticosteroids such as prednisolone acetate reduce symptoms of inflammation by reducing the effect of the immune system. As a result, the use of this medication may hide the signs of new infections or worsening of existing infections. If you notice any new eye symptoms such as pain, redness, sensitivity to sunlight or vision changes, contact your doctor immediately. If the condition you are treating does not seem to improve in several days, contact your doctor.
Vision problems:Corticosteroids such as prednisolone may cause glaucoma, cataracts, or other eye problems. Report any vision changes to your doctor immediately. This medication should not be used for longer than 10 days unless under the advice of your doctor.
Pregnancy: Very little prednisolone acetate in an eye drop form is absorbed into the body and available to affect an unborn baby. For this reason, prednisolone acetate eye drops are considered safe to use during pregnancy for short periods of time. If you are concerned about using this medication, discuss the benefits and risks of using this medication with your doctor.
Breast-feeding: Corticosteroids pass into breast milk, however in an eye drop form, very little prednisolone acetate is absorbed into the body and available to pass into breast milk. The use of corticosteroid eye drops, including prednisolone acetate, is considered to be safe while breast-feeding.
Children:The safety and effectiveness of this medication have not been established for children.
What other drugs could interact with this medication?
There may be an interaction between prednisolone ophthalmic drops and any of the following:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops (e.g., diclofenac, flurbiprofen, ketorolac)
If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
- stop taking one of the medications,
- change one of the medications to another,
- change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
- leave everything as is.
An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them.Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2023. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/ratio-Prednisolone