How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Erythromycin belongs to the class of medications known as macrolide antibiotics. It is used to treat infections caused by certain types of bacteria.
It is most commonly used to treat the following:
- lower respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, whooping cough, diphtheria, and Legionnaires' disease
- sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis and chlamydia
- skin infections (including acne)
- upper respiratory infections such as sinusitis and pharyngitis
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Apo®-Erythro E-C is no longer being manufactured for sale in Canada. For brands that may still be available, search under erythromycin. This article is being kept available for reference purposes only. If you are using this medication, speak with your doctor or pharmacist for information about your treatment options.
How should I use this medication?
Adults: The recommended adult dose is 250 mg every 6 hours, 500 mg every 12 hours, or 333 mg every 8 hours. The maximum daily dose is 4 g. The exact dose and the length of treatment depends on the condition being treated.
Erythromycin enteric-coated pellets are available in capsules and can be taken without regard to meals. Taking the medication with food may reduce the risk of stomach upset.
Erythromycin 250 mg and 333 mg capsules (enteric-coated pellets) are not recommended for sprinkling, since the capsules are very full and some of the medication may be lost through spillage. If you must open the capsule, take care to open it over food so as not to lose any of the pellets.
To open the capsule, hold it with the clear end down. Gently twist off the cap. Sprinkle the entire contents of the capsule on a spoonful of applesauce, fruit jellies, ice cream, or other pleasant-tasting semi-solid food. Do not chew or crush the pellets. Swallow the spoonful of food and drink some water to make sure all the pellets are swallowed. If the pellets are accidentally spilled, start over with a new capsule and a new serving of food.
Children: The recommended dose for children depends on the age, weight, and condition of the person being treated.
Finish all of this medication, even if you start to feel better.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Erythromycin enteric-coated should not be taken by anyone who:
- is allergic to erythromycin or to any of the ingredients of the medication
- is taking lovastatin, simvastatin, astemizole*, terfenadine, cisapride, pimozide, ergotamine, or dihydroergotamine
*Astemizole, terfenadine, and cisapride are no longer marketed in Canada.
What side effects are possible with this medication?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
- abdominal or stomach cramping and discomfort
- nausea or vomiting
Although most of these side effects listed below don't happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not check with your doctor or seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
- continued diarrhea even after you have finished taking this medication
- irregular or fast heartbeat
- loss of hearing (temporary)
- muscle pain or weakness
- nausea or vomiting (severe)
- skin rash, redness, or itching
- stomach pain (severe)
- symptoms of liver damage (e.g., yellow skin or eyes, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-coloured stools, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, or itching)
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- vertigo (spinning sensation)
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
- severe watery or bloody diarrhea
- symptoms of a serious allergic reaction (e.g., swelling of the face or throat, hives, or difficulty breathing)
- symptoms of a severe skin reaction (e.g., peeling or blistering skin)
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?
Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.
Allergic reactions: Before you take erythromycin, inform your doctor about any previous adverse reactions you have had to medications, especially azithromycin or clarithromycin. Contact your doctor at once if you experience signs of an allergic reaction, such as skin rash, itching, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face and throat.
Bacterial resistance: Misuse of an antibiotic such as erythromycin may lead to the growth of resistant bacteria that will not be killed by the antibiotic. If this happens, the antibiotic may not work for you in the future. Although you may begin to feel better soon after you start taking erythromycin, you need to take all the medication exactly as directed by your doctor to finish ridding your body of the infection and to prevent resistant bacteria from taking hold. Do not take erythromycin or other antibiotics to treat a viral infection such as the common cold; antibiotics do not kill viruses, and using them to treat viral infections can lead to the growth of resistant bacteria.
Diarrhea: This medication is associated a serious infection called Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea, caused by the bacteria C. difficile. This can occur as late as 2 months after your last dose of this medication. If you have loose, watery bowel movements that are green, foul-smelling, or bloody that may be accompanied by fever after taking erythromycin, get medical attention as soon as possible.
Heart rhythm: Erythromycin has been linked to changes to the normal rhythm of the heart, including an irregular heartbeat called QT prolongation. If you are at risk for heart rhythm problems (e.g., people with heart failure, angina, low potassium or magnesium levels), discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Liver problems: People with reduced liver function should discuss with their doctor how this medication may affect their medical condition, how their medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
There have been reports of liver problems occurring for a small percentage of people receiving erythromycin products, particularly erythromycin estolate. If you experience yellowing of your eyes or skin (suggestive of jaundice), contact your doctor.
Myasthenia gravis: Use of this medication may aggravate this condition.
Overgrowth of organisms: Prolonged or repeated use of erythromycin may result in an overgrowth of bacteria or fungi and organisms that are not killed by the medication. This can cause problems such as yeast infections.
Pregnancy: This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: This medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking erythromycin, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: The safety of erythromycin for use by newborns has not been established.
What other drugs could interact with this medication?
There may be an interaction between erythromycin enteric-coated and any of the following:
If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
- stop taking one of the medications,
- change one of the medications to another,
- change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
- leave everything as is.
An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2022. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/Apo-Erythro-E-C