Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Checkup Guide
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Optimal treatment can reduce the frequency of relapses and slow disease progression. Assess your symptoms and personal journey as a step in guiding your care.

Leading a healthy lifestyle can help you balance MS with your busy life.

A healthy diet for someone with MS follows Canada's Food Guide . A few tips:

  • Avoid foods that are high in sugar or animal fats.
  • Eat oily fish (salmon, mackerel, or tuna) 2 or 3 times a week.
  • Switch to whole-grain bread, pasta, and cereal.
  • Select low-fat dairy products.
  • Get more fruits and vegetables in your diet (e.g., put berries on your cereal, have veggies and dip as a snack, buy bagged salad greens and put some on your plate at lunch and dinner, or put an apple in your lunch).
  • Read MS and Nutrition for more nutrition tips.


  • Check with your neurologist before starting to get active.
  • Plan your workout for a time of day when you have the most energy (for many people, this is in the morning).
  • If you decide to go to a gym, choose one with staff who understand MS. Make sure the gym has many different options (classes, equipment) for people of different fitness levels and abilities.
  • If your symptoms make it a challenge to use certain exercise equipment at your gym, ask a trainer or staff member to suggest assistive devices such as a grip cuff or hook, or to suggest an alternate exercise that does not use this equipment.
  • Read MS: Exercise Tips to learn more about exercising with MS.

Managing stress

  • Learn to recognize your signs of stress (e.g., tense muscles, sweaty hands, shallow breathing, irritability, nightmares, constipation or diarrhea, difficulty making decisions).
  • Identify unhelpful thought patterns that may be adding to your stress (e.g., being too hard on yourself, thinking you're responsible for everything, "black and white" thinking).
  • Talk to friends and family about how you're feeling.
  • Think of ways friends and family could help, and make requests for help that are very specific.
  • Read MS: Managing stress for more tips on managing stress.
Multple Sclerosis Doctor Discussion Guide
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Create a personalized Doctor Discussion Guide to help ensure you are getting optimal treatment in managing your MS.