Although there are several potential causes of labyrinthitis, the exact cause is often unknown. It may be related to a viral infection such as the flu or a cold or, rarely, a bacterial infection such as a middle ear infection (otitis media) or meningitis. Labyrinthitis may rarely occur as part of an autoimmune disease or after a head or ear injury. Other more rare causes can include allergies, medications that can damage the inner ear, a stroke, or a tumour.

Written and reviewed by the MediResource Clinical Team