In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00363685 ||TEVA-PERIDOL 0.5MG TABLET|
|00713449 ||TEVA-PERIDOL 10MG TABLET|
|00363677 ||TEVA-PERIDOL 1MG TABLET|
|00768820 ||TEVA-PERIDOL 20MG TABLET|
|00363669 ||TEVA-PERIDOL 2MG TABLET|
|00363650 ||TEVA-PERIDOL 5MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Haloperidol belongs to the class of medications called antipsychotics. Haloperidol works by blocking a chemical, dopamine, in the brain to decrease symptoms of psychosis. Haloperidol is used to manage acute and chronic psychosis and psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and manic states. It can also be used for the management of agitated behaviour in some people and can control verbal outbursts of people with Tourette's syndrome.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
In adults with psychosis or Tourette's syndrome, the usual starting dose of oral (taken by mouth) haloperidol ranges from 1.5 mg to 20 mg per day in 1 to 2 divided doses. Your doctor may gradually increase the dose to determine the most appropriate dose for you. Dosing depends on your age and needs and how well you tolerate the medication.
Seniors may require a lower starting dose, usually 0.25 mg to 1 mg per day.
In children 3 to 12 years old, the usual starting dose of oral haloperidol ranges from 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg per day taken in 2 to 3 divided doses, up to a maximum of 0.15 mg/kg per day. The doctor may recommend gradually increasing the dose and will determine the most appropriate dose. Dosing depends on how well the child responds to and tolerates haloperidol.
Haloperidol tablets should be taken with food or milk to avoid stomach upset.
Intramuscular injections of haloperidol can also be given to people with an acute psychotic attack or who are agitated or aggressive. Intravenous injections of haloperidol are sometimes used in some hospitalized patients to treat delirium. The dose depends on the individual.
In the ongoing treatment of psychiatric disorders, long-acting haloperidol injections are used to help decrease the number of pills some people have to take. The starting dose of the injection depends on the dose of oral haloperidol the person was previously taking. The long-acting injection is given intramuscularly (into a muscle) usually by a physician or nurse every 4 weeks. For some people who start using the long-acting injection, they may be taking both the oral and injection forms of haloperidol at the same time.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are administering the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop using the medication because you feel better. If you miss a dose, administer it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not administer a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
This medication is available as 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg tablets.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not use this medication if you:
- are allergic to haloperidol or any ingredients of the medication
- have a decreased level of consciousness, including those caused by using alcohol or other sedating medications, or coma
- have a history of spastic disease, lesions of the basal ganglia, or Parkinson's disease