brompheniramine maleate - phenylephrine HCl - guaifenesin - codeine phosphate
In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|02244079 ||DIMETANE EXPECTORANT-C SYRUP|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
This combination product contains four medications: brompheniramine, phenylephrine, guaifenesin, and codeine.
Codeine belongs to the group of medications called narcotic analgesics and cough suppressants. It works by blocking pain signals that are sent out by the brain to various areas of the body and reduces coughing by acting in the brain to dull the cough reflex.
Brompheniramine belongs to the group of medications called antihistamines and helps to relieve sneezing and runny nose.
Phenylephrine belongs to the group of medications called nasal decongestants and is used to decrease nasal stuffiness.
Guaifenesin belongs to the group of medications called expectorants. This medication helps to loosen mucus so it can be coughed up.
This medication is used for the temporary relief of coughing and stuffy or runny nose that is associated with allergies, the common cold, or chest infections.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
The usual adult dose is 10 mL (2 teaspoons) every 6 hours as needed.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
Use an oral syringe to measure each dose of the liquid, as it gives a more accurate measurement than household teaspoons.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If your doctor has told you to take this medication on a regular basis and you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Note: A cough is a symptom. Before taking a cough suppressant, it is important to assess the underlying cause of the cough.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each 5 mL of palatable, cherry-red liquid, menthol and raspberry taste and odour, contains brompheniramine maleate 2 mg, phenylephrine HCl 5 mg, guaifenesin 100 mg, and codeine phosphate 10 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: alcohol, citric acid, D&C Red No. 33, edetate disodium, FD&C Red No. 40, flavours, glycerin, propylene glycol, sodium benzoate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium saccharin, and water.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not use this medication if you:
- are allergic to brompheniramine, phenylephrine, guaifenesin, codeine, or any of the ingredients of the medication
- are allergic to codeine-like narcotics or other similar antihistamines or decongestants
- are at risk of blocked intestines
- are intending to use the medication to treat lower respiratory tract symptoms such as asthma
- are taking an MAO inhibitor (e.g., phenelzine, tranylcypromine) or have taken one in the past 2 weeks
- are 12 years of age or younger
- have a head injury or increased pressure inside the brain
- have seizures