norethindrone acetate - ethinyl estradiol
In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00297143 ||LOESTRIN 1.5/30 21 DAY PACK|
|00353027 ||LOESTRIN 1.5/30 28 DAY PACK|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Norethindrone acetate - ethinyl estradiol belongs to the class of medications called oral contraceptives (birth control pills). It is an estrogen (ethinyl estradiol) and progestin (norethindrone) combination pill used for the prevention of pregnancy.
Norethindrone acetate - ethinyl estradiol works by preventing ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary) and by causing changes in the mucus of the cervix which make it difficult for sperm to penetrate and for an egg to implant in the wall of the uterus.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
21-day pack: Take 1 tablet daily for 21 days, then take no pills for 7 days.
28-day pack: Take 1 tablet daily for 21 days, then 1 "reminder" pill daily for 7 days.
See the package insert for information on when to start and what to do if you forget to take a pill.
Talk with your doctor about the best time to start your pills. The first day of your menstrual period (bleeding) is known as "Day 1." Your doctor may have you start your pills on the first Sunday after your period starts or on Day 1 of your period. The pills should be taken approximately the same time every day.
It may be advisable to use a second method of birth control (e.g., latex condoms and spermicidal foam or gel) for the first 7 days of the first cycle of pill use.
Many women have spotting or light bleeding or may feel sick to their stomach during the first 3 months taking the pill. If you do feel sick, do not stop taking the pill. The problem will usually go away. If it does not go away, check with your doctor or clinic.
If you experience vomiting or diarrhea, or if you take certain medications (such as antibiotics), your pills may not work as well. Use a backup method, such as latex condoms and spermicidal foam or gel, until you can check with your doctor or clinic.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is very important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss pills at any time the risk of becoming pregnant increases.
If you miss one pill, take it as soon as you remember, and take the next pill at the usual time. This means that you might take 2 pills in one day.
If you miss 2 pills in a row during the first 2 weeks of your cycle, take 2 pills the day you remember and 2 pills the next day, then take one pill a day until you finish the pack. Use a second method of birth control if you have sex in the 7 days after you miss the pills.
If you miss 2 pills in a row during the third week of your cycle or 3 or more pills in a row anytime in your cycle and you start your pills on Sunday, keep taking one pill a day until Sunday. On Sunday, safely discard the rest of the pack and start a new pack that day. You may not have a period this month. If you miss 2 periods in a row, call your doctor or clinic.
If you miss 2 pills in a row during the third week of your cycle or 3 or more pills at anytime during your cycle and you start your pills on Day 1, safely dispose of the rest of the pill pack and start a new pack that same day. Use another method of birth control if you have sex in the 7 days after you miss the pills. You may not have a period this month. If you miss 2 periods in a row, call your doctor or clinic.
If you are not sure what to do after missing pills, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each green, round, unscored tablet debossed with "b" on one side and "155" on the other side contains norethindrone acetate 1.5 mg and ethinyl estradiol 30 µg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: acacia, D&C Yellow No. 10, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Yellow No. 6, lactose, magnesium stearate, starch, sugar, and talc.
Each pale orange tablet contains no active ingredients. Nonmedicinal ingredients: lactose, ferrous fumarate, alcohol SD3A anhydrous 200 and SD3A 190, gluten (from corn starch), acacia gum, confectioner's sugar, magnesium stearate, purified water, and talc.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take this mediction if you:
- are allergic to norethindrone acetate, to ethinyl estradiol, or to any of the ingredients of the medication
- are or may be pregnant
- have eye damage resulting from blood vessel disease of the eye, such as a partial or complete loss of vision
- have had a heart attack or coronary artery disease
- have, have had, or may have breast cancer
- have liver disease
- have or have had benign or malignant liver tumours
- have or have had cerebrovascular disorders (e.g, stroke)
- have or have had thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders (blood clotting problems)
- have or may have a tumour dependent on estrogen
- have undiagnosed abnormal vaginal bleeding