In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Sodium phosphates belong to a class of medications called laxatives. They work by drawing and retaining water into the colon to rapidly produce a bowel movement. This medication is used as a laxative to provide relief for occasional constipation, or to cleanse the bowels in preparation for a number of procedures, such as a colonoscopy. You should experience a bowel movement within 2 to 5 minutes after administering the enema rectally.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
Learn more about related conditions:
These conditions are related to the conditions the drug is approved to treat. The drug may not be approved to treat all of the conditions listed here.
How should I use this medication?
The usual dose of sodium phosphates for adults is 120 mL administered rectally (into the rectum) as a single dose. The usual dose for children 2 to 12 years of age is 60 mL administered rectally as a single dose.
To use the enema, lie on you left side with your knees bent and arms resting comfortably (left-side position). Alternatively, you can kneel and lower your head and chest forward until the left side of your face is resting with your left arm folded comfortably (knee-chest position).
Remove the protective cap from the prelubricated enema tip before using. Gently insert the tip into the rectum with a slight side-to-side movement, with the tip pointing towards the navel. Do not force the enema tip into the rectum as this can cause injury. Slowly squeeze the bottle until nearly all the liquid in the bottle is gone. Then remove the tip from the rectum. Maintain your position until a strong urge to defecate is felt. Do not retain the enema solution for more than 10 minutes.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are
taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to use this medication exactly as recommended by your doctor.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
This medication is available as an enema.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take this medication if you:
- are allergic to sodium phosphates or any ingredients of the medication
- have appendicitis
- have heart disease
- have high blood pressure
- have ileus (a partial or completely blocked bowel)
- have intestinal blockage
- have kidney disease
- have rectal bleeding
- have ulcerative colitis
Do not give this medication to infants under 6 months of age.