In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|02248050 ||CO Citalopram 20 mg tablet|
|02248051 ||CO Citalopram 40 mg tablet|
|02295431 ||CO Citalopram 30 mg tablet|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Citalopram belongs to a group of medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It is used to treat depression. SSRIs improve depression by increasing the amount of serotonin (a neurotransmitter) in certain areas of the brain, which in turn improves the ability of the brain to transmit messages from one nerve cell to another.
Although you may start feeling better within a few weeks of treatment, the full effects of the medication may not be evident until several weeks of treatment have passed.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
The usual recommended starting dose is 20 mg daily. Your doctor may increase the dose as appropriate, based on how well it is working for you and whether you are experiencing side effects. Continue to take the medication regularly, even if you don’t feel as though the medication is working. It may take several weeks to see a noticeable improvement in your mood.
Citalopram should be taken once daily either in the morning or evening, but at the same time every day. It should be swallowed whole with water and may be taken with food or on an empty stomach.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
Citalopram can cause withdrawal effects such as agitation, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, nausea, and vomiting, if it is stopped suddenly. If it becomes necessary for you to stop taking citalopram, ask your doctor to advise you how best to gradually reduce the dose to avoid withdrawal effects.
It is important that this medication be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each oval, white, scored, film-coated tablet, marked "C | A" on one side and a logo on the other, contains citalopram 20 mg (as citalopram HBr). Nonmedicinal ingredients: maize starch, crospovidone, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose PH101, povidone, and purified water; film coating: hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide. Gluten-free.
Each white-to-off-white, film-coated, round, biconvex tablet marked "C | A" on one side and a logo on the other, contains citalopram 30 mg (as citalopram hydrochloride). Nonmedicinal ingredients: corn starch, crospovidone, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone. The film coating contains hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide.
Each oval, white, scored, film-coated tablet, marked "C | 40" on one side and a logo on the other, contains citalopram 40 mg (as citalopram HBr). Nonmedicinal ingredients: maize starch, crospovidone, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose PH101, povidone, and purified water; film coating: hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide. Gluten-free.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take citalopram if you:
- are allergic to citalopram or any ingredients of the medication
- are taking pimozide (an antipsychotic medication)
- have taken a type of medication known as an MAO inhibitor (e.g., phenelzine, tranylcypromine, moclobemide) within the past 2 weeks - do not start treatment with an MAO inhibitor until at least 2 weeks after discontinuing citalopram treatment
- have a heart rhythm condition known as "long QT syndrome"