In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|02229655 ||NITRAZADON 10MG TABLET|
|02229654 ||NITRAZADON 5MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Nitrazepam belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines. It is used for short-term treatment of sleeping problems (insomnia), such as difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings during the night, and early-morning awakening. It is also used to manage myoclonic seizures. It works by slowing down the nerves in the brain (the central nervous system).
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
The recommended adult dose of nitrazepam when taken for insomnia is 5 mg to 10 mg taken at bedtime.
Seniors may be more likely to experience unwanted effects of this medication and should start with 2.5 mg taken at bedtime.
The lowest effective dose should be used. It is important that the dose be individualized to your specific needs to avoid excessive drowsiness during the day time or motor impairment.
This medication is normally used for a short period of time or as an "as required" medication. As it may be habit-forming, the treatment period should be as short as possible and not usually longer than 7 to 10 consecutive days. If you need this medication for more than 2 to 3 weeks, consult your doctor for a re-evaluation of this medication.
When taken for treatment of myoclonic seizures, the dose is based primarily on body weight. The dose for children (up to 30 kg of body weight) ranges from 0.3 mg per kilogram of body weight to 1 mg per kilogram of body weight daily in 3 divided doses. Your doctor will calculate an appropriate dose.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
Nitrazepam may be habit-forming when taken for long periods of time. It may not be appropriate for people who have a history of alcohol or substance abuse.
If you have been taking this medication regularly for a long period of time (more than one month), do not stop taking the medication without speaking with your doctor. A gradual reduction in dose is recommended when stopping this medication to avoid withdrawal effects.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take this medication in a larger amount or for a longer period of time than prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a scheduled dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If you are taking nitrazepam for sleeping, do not take it if you will not be able to get a full night's sleep (approximately 8 hours or more). This medication tends to make people disoriented, uncoordinated and unable to concentrate clearly until it has worn off. If you remember the missed dose during the daytime, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Nitrazadon is no longer being manufactured for sale in Canada. For brands that may still be available, search under nitrazepam. This article is being kept available for reference purposes only. If you are using this medication, speak with your doctor or pharmacist for information about your treatment options.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take nitrazepam if you:
- are allergic to nitrazepam or any ingredients of this medication
- are allergic to other benzodiazepines
- are a child and using nitrazepam to treat insomnia
- have myasthenia gravis
- have severely decreased liver function
- have sleep apnea