In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00013285 ||VALIUM 5MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Diazepam belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines. It is used for the short-term relief of symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety or alcohol withdrawal (such as agitation). It is also used for the reduction of muscle spasms. It works by slowing down the nerves in the brain (i.e., central nervous system).
The injectable form of this medication is used to control prolonged seizures.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
The recommended dose of diazepam for adults ranges from 2 mg to 10 mg, taken 2 to 4 times daily. For children older than 6 months, the initial dose usually ranges from 1 mg to 2.5 mg, taken 3 or 4 times daily.
It is important that the dose be individualized to your specific needs to avoid excessive sedation or motor impairment.
Diazepam is normally used for a short period of time or as required. It may be habit-forming when taken for long periods of time. If you have been using this medication regularly for a long period of time (i.e., more than 1 month), do not stop using the medication without speaking with your doctor. To avoid withdrawal effects, a gradual reduction in dose is usually recommended when stopping this medication.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are using the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, administer it as soon as you remember and continue with your regular schedule. If your next dose is in less than 6 hours, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not administer a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store at room temperature in a dry place. Keep out of reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each pale yellow cylindrical, biplane bevelled-edged tablet, engraved "ROCHE" over "5" on one side, single scored on both sides, contains diazepam 5 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, iron oxide yellow, lactose, and magnesium stearate. Gluten-, paraben-, sodium-, sulfite-, and tartrazine-free.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take diazepam if you:
- are allergic to diazepam or any ingredients of the medication
- are allergic to any other benzodiazepines
- have acute narrow-angle glaucoma
- have liver disease
- have myasthenia gravis
- have severe breathing problems
- have sleep apnea
Do not give this medication to infants under 6 months of age.