In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00285455 ||ALDACTONE 100MG TABLET|
|00028606 ||ALDACTONE 25MG TABLET|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Spironolactone belongs to the class of medications known as diuretics (water pills). It is used to treat edema (fluid retention) that occurs with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and nephrotic syndrome. It is also used to treat high blood pressure and to diagnose and treat primary hyperaldosteronism (a condition where too much aldosterone is produced by the adrenal glands).
Spironolactone can also be used to treat or prevent hypokalemia (too little potassium in the body) when other methods are not appropriate. Spironolactone works by making the body lose excess water and salt but reduces the loss of potassium from the body.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
The recommended dose of spironolactone for adults ranges from 25 mg to 400 mg daily depending on the condition being treated. It is given in single or divided doses.
For children with edema (fluid retention) associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or nephritic syndrome, the daily dose is based on body weight and is given in single or divided doses.
Since this medication increases urine output, it is better to take it early in the day (with breakfast if you are taking a once-daily dose, or with breakfast and lunch if you are taking divided doses). Spironolactone may be taken with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take the medication with food.
Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important that this medication be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from heat and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each light yellow, round, biconvex, film-coated tablet, debossed "ALDACTONE" and "25" on one face and "SEARLE" and "1001" on the other face and with peppermint odour, contains spironolactone 25 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: calcium sulfate, carnauba wax, cornstarch, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, opaspray M-1-2042, peppermint flavouring, polyethylene glycol 400, povidone, and stearic acid.
Each peach, round, biconvex, scored, film-coated tablet, debossed "ALDACTONE" and "100" on one face and "SEARLE" and "1031" on the other (scored) face and with peppermint odour, contains spironolactone 100 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: calcium sulfate, carnauba wax, cornstarch, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, opaspray M-1-2668, peppermint flavouring, polyethylene glycol 400, povidone, and stearic acid.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Spironolactone should not be taken by anyone who:
- is allergic to spironolactone or to any of the ingredients of the medication
- is unable to produce urine
- has Addison's disease
- has high blood levels of potassium
- has rapidly worsening kidney function
- has significantly reduced kidney function