pilocarpine eye drops
In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|00000841 ||ISOPTO CARPINE 1% OPHTHALMIC LIQUID|
|00000868 ||ISOPTO CARPINE 2% OPHTHALMIC LIQUID|
|00000884 ||ISOPTO CARPINE 4% OPHTHALMIC LIQUID|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
This medication is most often used as an eye drop to treat glaucoma, but is sometimes used to treat some other conditions of the eye.
Pilocarpine causes constriction of the pupil of the eye. This enlarges the outflow canal, allowing drainage of excess fluid (aqueous humor) from the eye and causing the pressure inside the eye to drop.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are using this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
For the treatment of glaucoma in adults, the recommended dose of pilocarpine solution drops is 1 to 2 drops instilled into the eyes up to 6 times daily.
The recommended dose of pilocarpine gel is to instill a half-inch-long ribbon into the lower eyelid sac once daily at bedtime.
Your doctor will choose the strength of pilocarpine that is best for you based on the pressure inside your eye.
The following procedure is recommended when using eye drops:
- Wash your hands.
- Tilt your head back and gently pull your lower eyelid away from your eye to make a pouch.
- Drop the medicine into this pouch, then let go of the eyelid and gently close your eyes.
- Do not blink.
- Keep the eyes closed and apply pressure to the inner corner of the eye with your finger for one or two minutes to prevent excessive absorption into the body.
- Wash your hands to remove any medicine that may have gotten on them.
- Do not touch the dropper or the applicator tip to any surface (including the eye).
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
A sterile, buffered solution of pilocarpine HCl 1%. Preserved with benzalkonium chloride. Nonmedicinal ingredients: boric acid, citric acid, hydrochloric acid, 0.5% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, purified water, sodium chloride, sodium citrate, and sodium hydroxide.
A sterile, buffered solution of pilocarpine HCl 2%. Preserved with benzalkonium chloride. Nonmedicinal ingredients: boric acid, citric acid, hydrochloric acid, 0.5% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, purified water, sodium chloride, sodium citrate, and sodium hydroxide.
A sterile, buffered solution of pilocarpine HCl 4%. Preserved with benzalkonium chloride. Nonmedicinal ingredients: boric acid, citric acid, hydrochloric acid, 0.5% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, purified water, sodium chloride, sodium citrate, and sodium hydroxide.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not use this medication if you:
- are sensitive or allergic to pilocarpine or any ingredients of this medication
- have acute iritis