In this drug factsheet:DIN (Drug Identification Number)
|02243989 ||APO-KETOROLAC 30 MG/ML INJECTION|
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Ketorolac belongs to the group of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It is used for the short-term treatment (5 to 7 days) of acute pain associated with injuries, dental problems or procedures, and after surgery
or giving birth. The injectable form of this medication is used for no longer than 2 days to treat moderate to severe pain. Ketorolac relieves pain and reduces swelling and inflammation by reducing a substance in the body that leads to inflammation and pain.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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How should I use this medication?
The usual adult dose of ketorolac when taken by mouth is 10 mg every 4 to 6 hours as required for pain. Doses exceeding 40 mg daily are not recommended. Take this medication with meals or a snack to reduce stomach upset.
The medication should
be used for a maximum of 5 days for treatment of pain after surgery and for a maximum of 7 days when treating pain due to an injury. The lowest dose required to control the pain should be used. Ketorolac usually starts to work within an hour,
but for some people, it may take up to a day to start working. If you don't notice improvement in your pain, contact your doctor.
Ketorolac is also available for use in the hospital as an injectable medication. The usual recommended dose is 10 mg to 30 mg injected into a muscle for no more than 2 days.
If you weigh less than 50 kg or are over 65 years of age, you doctor may suggest lower doses than mentioned above.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are
taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Apo-Ketorolac is no longer being manufactured for sale in Canada. For brands that may still be available, search under ketorolac. This article is being kept available for reference purposes only. If you are using this medication, speak with your doctor or pharmacist for information about your treatment options.
This medication is available as a 30 mg/mL intramuscular injection solution.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not use this medication if you:
- are allergic to ketorolac or any ingredients of this medication
- are allergic to ASA or other anti-inflammatory medications (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac) or have had allergic symptoms (e.g., runny nose, nasal polyps, asthma, itchy skin rash) caused by these medications
- are currently taking other NSAIDs (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac)
- are in labour delivery
- are scheduled for surgery in the immediate future or have just had surgery
- are taking probenecid
- have a stomach or intestinal ulcer or a history of recurring ulcers
- have an inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)
- have bleeding disorders or bleeding in the brain
- have just had coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery
- have nasal polyps
- have or have had bleeding or perforation (holes or tears) in the stomach or intestines
- have reduced liver function or liver disease
- have reduced kidney function or are at risk of kidney failure