ConstipationGetting things moving again
When you realize you're constipated, getting some exercise, eating more fibre,
and drinking lots and lots of water usually helps. But what do you do when this
is just not enough? There are other options you can choose from to give you
Laxatives - products that relieve constipation - are commonly used, and there
are many kinds available. Which one you choose depends on whether your constipation
is occasional or long-term (chronic).
As with any medication, there are some side effects associated with the use
of laxatives, such as diarrhea, stomach cramping and pain, nausea, vomiting,
dehydration, gas, and rectal irritation. Generally, it is recommended to try
gentler agents first.
For the relief of occasional constipation, most people want overnight relief.
Stimulant laxatives such as senna, a natural source product, make the muscles
in your intestine work to push the stool along more quickly. These products
start working within hours. Pills and liquids will often produce relief overnight.
Glycerin and bisacodyl suppositories and mineral oil or phosphate enemas, used
rectally, work quickly and can be used by children or adults and during pregnancy.
If you experience constipation during pregnancy, get your doctor's advice on
which of these treatments is right for you. Milk of magnesia is another fast-acting
laxative, but many people object to the taste and texture.
For chronic constipation, the first step is to exercise, drink more water,
and eat high-fibre foods. Even with these changes, however, some people, especially
the elderly and people on certain medications, require the use of some products
on a long-term basis. In this case, stool softeners, such as docusate
sodium, help to soften and prevent dryness of the stool, as do osmotics such
as lactulose and lubricants such as mineral oil. Mineral oil is rarely
recommended anymore, however, as it may cause numerous problems, such as leaking
from the anus and preventing vitamin absorption from food.
Bulk-forming agents, such as psyllium, add volume and draw water into
the stool, promoting regularity. These are among the most popular - even some
breakfast cereals contain psyllium.
For pregnancy-related constipation, while not all laxatives are recommended
for use during pregnancy, some natural products such as senna-based natural
laxatives, with or without stool softeners, are a safe and effective option.
They are gentle enough to be used to treat constipation in seniors and children,
and they are the most commonly used laxatives for the management of medication-related
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the best option for you.