Medbroadcast – Powered by MediResource
 Search

Go
 Browse alphabetically
ABCDEFGHIJKLMN
OPQRSTUVWXYZ
HEALTH TOPICS
Family & Child Health
Men's Health
Women's Health
Seniors' Health
Addiction
Allergy
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Arthritis (Rheumatoid)
Asthma
Atrial Fibrillation
Baby Health
Back Health
Bedwetting
Bladder (Overactive)
Brain Health
Cancer
Childhood Vaccinations
Cholesterol
Crohn's & Colitis
Cold and Flu
COPD NEW!
Cosmetic Procedures
Depression NEW!
Diabetes
Digestive Health
Ear Health
Eating Disorders
Eye Health
Flu (Seasonal)
Fertility
Fitness
Healthy Skin
Heart
High Blood Pressure
HPV
Hyperhidrosis
Incontinence
Infection
Kidney Health
Lung Health
Medications and your Health
Menopause
Mental Health
Multiple Sclerosis NEW!
Natural and Complementary Therapy
Nutrition
Obesity
Oral Care
Pain
Pregnancy
Psoriasis
Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA)
Seasonal Health
Sexual Health
Sleep Health
Stroke Risk Reduction
Smoking
Weight Management
Workplace Health
Yeast Infection
All health channels

STAY CONNECTED
RESOURCES
Ask an Expert
Clinical Trials
Find a Specialist
Health features
Human Atlas Videos
News
Tools


Condition Info Drug Info Tests and Procedures Natural Products Ask an Expert Support Groups Clinical Trials
Home Bookmark Page Send to a Friend Sante Chez Nous Subscribe
Fertility > Related Conditions > Endometriosis
Fertility
Curious about fertility
Under 35 and trying to get pregnant
Ready to talk to a fertility specialist
You’ve decided you want to start a family. Most of us believe that it will be very easy to get pregnant. This is true for some people, but it’s not as easy as it looks! Find out what you can do to increase your chances of getting pregnant. To get started, click the box that best describes you.
Fertility resources
Glossary
Health features
Related medications
Additional resources
Healthy lifestyle
Health tools
Related conditions

Endometriosis



In this condition factsheet:


Diagnosing Endometriosis

A doctor will begin by taking a medical history and conducting a pelvic exam. Your doctor will ask about symptoms associated with endometriosis. During the pelvic exam, he or she will check internally for lumps and bumps. This may be followed by an ultrasound of the pelvis to look for cysts on the ovary. Often, the ultrasound may fail to show anything.

If the history and pelvic exam suggest endometriosis, the next step may involve a procedure called laparoscopy. With this procedure, a tiny cut is made near the navel and a thin tube inserted. This tube (the laparoscope) is an illuminated microscope that enables the doctor to clearly see the endometriosis on the outer surfaces of the pelvic organs. The doctor may take a tissue sample during a laparoscopy and a pathologist examines the tissue sample to confirm if endometriosis was found. Laparoscopy can also be used to treat endometriosis, using a laser or electricity to burn off the endometrial tissue.

Treating and Preventing Endometriosis

Endometriosis may be treated with medication, laparoscopic surgery, or traditional surgery. The choice of treatment depends on the individual, and is affected by a number of factors, including the woman's age, the severity of her symptoms, and her plans for pregnancy.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including naproxen* and ibuprofen, can be used to relieve pain. However, they do not treat the underlying cause of the condition. The contraceptive pill is also used in the treatment of endometriosis. Instead of taking the contraceptive for 3 weeks followed by 1 week off, it is taken every day. For most women, this eventually causes menstrual bleeding to stop. Medroxyprogesterone may also be used to treat endometriosis. Usually, it is given as an injection. Endometriosis can also be treated with medications that regulate the menstrual cycle, stopping a woman's period and mimicking menopause. These medications include danazol, buserelin, goserelin, leuprolide, nafarelin, and triptorelin.

Laparoscopy and minor surgery can be used to remove endometrial tissue from places where it should not occur, such as the pelvis. During laparoscopy, the doctor will use electricity or a laser to burn off endometrial tissue. Laparoscopy is a less invasive procedure than traditional surgery (e.g., hysterectomy), and can be done on an outpatient basis (without the person being admitted to hospital). Larger and more embedded growths may require traditional surgery.

Women who do not wish to later become pregnant may opt for a total hysterectomy and oopherectomy (removal of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes). Combined with medication, this procedure eliminates the body's production of female hormones thereby relieving the symptoms of endometriosis. However, there is no guarantee of pain relief. Loss of both ovaries results in estrogen deficiency. Women who undergo this procedure will be offered hormone replacement therapy. Before starting hormone replacement therapy, discuss the risks and benefits of this treatment with your doctor.

 


*All medications have both common (generic) and brand names. The brand name is what a specific manufacturer calls the product (e.g., Tylenol®). The common name is the medical name for the medication (e.g., acetaminophen). A medication may have many brand names, but only one common name. This article lists medications by their common names. For more information on brand names, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.

References



 

Advertisement


Did you find what you were looking for on our website? Please let us know.




 Search for information related to
GO
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
 
Hot Topics - Bedwetting, Depression, Flu (Seasonal), Healthy Skin, Incontinence, Multiple Sclerosis, Psoriasis, Stroke Risk Reduction

Condition and disease information is written and reviewed by the MedBroadcast Clinical Team.


The contents of this site are for informational purposes only and are meant to be discussed with your physician or other qualified health care professional before being acted on. Never disregard any advice given to you by your doctor or other qualified health care professional. Always seek the advice of a physician or other licensed health care professional regarding any questions you have about your medical condition(s) and treatment(s). This site is not a substitute for medical advice.
© 1996 - 2014 MediResource Inc. - MediResource reaches millions of Canadians each year.