Not surprisingly, honey and sugar are very similar in the way they affect blood sugar levels. Both are examples of carbohydrate-containing food and while they can be eaten by people with diabetes, large amounts of either sweetener will raise blood sugar levels and cause potential problems for people with diabetes.
Honey, unlike sugar, does provide trace amounts of minerals, and some studies have shown that it does not raise blood sugar levels as rapidly as regular white sugar. Honey is also sweeter than granulated sugar, so it can be substituted in smaller amounts for sugar. However, honey contains more calories per teaspoon than sugar and because it consists largely of two simple individual units of sugar (glucose and fructose), it is absorbed at different rates than granulated sugar into the body.
So there really is no clear, overriding benefit in substituting honey for sugar. If you prefer the taste of honey, go ahead and use it, but remember that moderation is the key, as is the case for all glucose-containing foods. As each person with diabetes will react differently to carbohydrates, I advise you to monitor your blood sugar levels before and after you eat honey and to check with a registered dietitian or health care professional before making the switch.
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