Proper brushing and flossing will help prevent periodontal disease. However, once calculus has formed on the teeth, especially below the gum line, it must be removed to prevent any further possible damage to the tissue and bone. This is done by a dental professional. The calculus or tartar buildup is scraped away to leave a smoother surface.

In the case of advanced periodontitis, severe gum tissue damage or bone loss may mean removal of the tooth. Your dentist or periodontist may recommend alternative treatments. These include:

  • reducing the size of "pockets" around the tooth by folding back the gum tissue and removing any bacteria
  • smoothing parts of the tooth to prevent future calculus buildup
  • reversing bone loss with bone grafts or using tissue-stimulating proteins to encourage the body's ability to regenerate bone and tissue
  • replacing damaged tissue with tissue grafts
Written and reviewed by the MediResource Clinical Team