Screening and early detection

Early detection improves the chances of successful treatment. It is a good idea to get screened for prostate problems when your doctor recommends it. If you are concerned about developing prostate cancer or have noticed prostate cancer symptoms, speak to your doctor.

Lifestyle changes

Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, you are at higher risk for developing prostate cancer than are men at a normal weight. Losing weight can help you lower your risk.

Exercise: If you consistently burn fewer calories than you consume, eventually you will be at greater risk of developing prostate cancer and other medical conditions related to weight gain. Regular exercise can make a big difference. Health Canada recommends that adults get 30 to 60 minutes of physical activity each day.

Eat healthy foods: While food alone will not cure prostate cancer, you should take a look at your diet to see if you are getting enough of the following foods and nutrients:

  • fatty fish, such as salmon, sardines, herring, and mackerel
  • omega-3 fatty acids from trout, anchovies, bluefish, white albacore tuna, tofu, walnuts, canola oil, and leafy green vegetables
  • foods rich in lycopene (guava, papaya, red grapefruit, watermelon, tomatoes, tomato products, and vegetable cocktails)
  • vitamin D (found in shrimp, skim or 1% milk, and fish oils)
  • selenium (from meats, fish, cereal, dairy products, eggs, Brazil nuts, garlic, mushrooms, and asparagus)

Avoid toxic substances, such as asbestos, pesticides, and lead.